Salzburg has acquired international fame as city of Mozart and the Salzburg Festival. But it might also interest you to know that Salzburg is capital to the province of the same name and that it is home to 150,000 inhabitants, making it the fourth largest city in Austria.

Salzburg’s compact layout is one of the city‘s most attractive features. Vital transport hubs such as the train station and W. A. Mozart International Airport are all within easy reach.

Salzburg is known for being the city of Mozart. It sits on either side of the Salzach River and in the Salzburg basin. The city was re-founded as a bishopricon Roman ruins (Iuvavum). Salzburg achieved immense wealth from mining and trading of salt. It became a bishopric residence of architectural splendour during the reigns of Wolf Dietrich and his successors.
The area around the Hellbrunn Palace is proof of Salzburg’s extensive cultural history and the old part of the city is a UNESCO world cultural heritage site.
The city of Salzburg - and especially its historic city centre – is in fact one of the loveliest places in Europe, winning international acclaim in 1997 when it was designated a world heritage site by UNESCO.

What is so special about Salzburg? For one, its convenient location. The Salzach River winds through the city as its historic lifeline and separates it into two halves, the so-called left and right banks of the Salzach. The left bank of the Salzach is the "older part" where ancient Roman settlements once stood.

The Old City is picturesquely surrounded by the Mönchsberg, crowned by the Fortress which is visible for miles, and the mighty Capuchin Mountain on the right banks of the river. Salzburg residents find the term "mountain" slightly exaggerated since both mountains have extensive walking paths to get away from the hustle and bustle of the city for a few hours.
The Old City with its variety of building styles is a true architectural delight, also a result of the city's strict preservation laws. A walk through the countless narrow streets (the most famous being the Getreidegasse, Judengasse, Goldgasse, Kaigasse, Linzergasse and Steingasse) features buildings from the Middle Ages, Romanesque, Baroque and Renaissance periods as well as the elegant classical burghers' houses dating from the monarchy.

The city's most famous squares include Residence Square with its splendid fountain, the neighboring Old Market, University Square, as well as Mozart Square with the memorial of the city's genius loci.
The square also features the city's most central Tourist Information Office. There is no lack of imposing buildings, the most striking of which include the Cathedral, Hohensalzburg Fortress, the Residenz, St. Peter's Monastery with its impressive cemetery, the Franciscan Church and Collegiate Church as well as the Large and Small Festival Halls and the Summer Riding School in the Festival District.

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